Some states use “Certificate of Incorporation” as an alternative to Articles of Incorporation; for example, New York and Delaware.
Should you? Probably not. Are you required to? Maybe. It depends on the type of profession you’re in. Lawyers, for example, are required to be in professional corporations (“PC”). Forming as a PC may require additional restrictions in your bylaws, for example concerning ownership. So if you don’t need to, generally you shouldn’t. But you may not have a choice.
This is the person who signs and causes the filing of the Articles of Incorporation (or, in the case of an LLC the Articles of Organization) with the designated state authority. In a small business, this is usually the owner/shareholder/member. Some folks have their attorney sign the documents to help expedite the process, and that’s ok (but not necessary).
Here’s the answer: It’s not uncommon for a person to want to protect themselves when in a group of people and use an entity to represent their investment. The individual(s) may have other personal duties, like being on an advisory board, or being an officer. Sometimes groups of people will form an entity to control [...]